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RMC & health dept start visiting homes to detect larvae breeding spots to prevent outbreak of vector-borne diseases



RANCHI: The state health department and Ranchi Municipal Corporation have started visiting homes to detect larvae breeding spots and prevent outbreak of vector-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis.
The joint inspection has started and the health department staffs are detecting mosquito breeding spots and taking larvae specimens to identify if they were Aedes aegypti (the species that spreads dengue and chikungunya), and the RMC staffs are listing the houses and locations (stagnant-water spots) from where the larvae were found. Owners of houses from where stagnant water and mosquito larvae have been found for the first time have been given a notice with a health advisory to remove the stagnant water. If no change is found at the same spot during the next inspection, the house owner will be fined between Rs 100 to Rs 5,000 depending on the size of the house and container with stagnant water, and number of larvae found.
State entomologist Sagya Singh said they inspected 324 houses across different wards of the RMC. In the 1,580 waterlogged puddles/containers that they inspected, they found 88 with Aedes aegypti larvae in 43 houses. Singh said that based on our suggestion, the RMC team sprayed larvicides. Notices have been served to all owners of houses where mosquito-breeding points were detected. Handbills were also distributed to create awareness against dengue, symptoms and preventive steps.
The entomologist said last year, they had begun door-to-door inspection of larvae breeding spots but only after outbreak of dengue in Ranchi in August-September. “This year, we have an early start. We have developed a micro-action plan against vector borne diseases in coordination with RMC to cover at least six wards in the capital daily (there are 53 wards under the RMC). Our inspection which began yesterday evening will continue till November, considered the peak transmission period for vector-borne diseases,” Singh said. Meanwhile, a directive has already been issued by the National Health Mission (NHM) to all 24 deputy commissioners to take steps in sync with civil surgeons and local civic bodies to prevent the outbreak of vector-borne diseases.
“The directive includes setting up isolation wards in hospitals and stocking up platelets and medicines at hospitals for the treatment of dengue,” Chaurasia said.
Dengue cases So far, one dengue case has been reported in Ranchi. In Jamshedpur, nine patients of dengue and one of chikungunya have been reported till Wednesday. In 2018, the capital witnessed over 360 cases of dengue and two suspected deaths that the district health officials negated when Elisa tests reported negative. In Jamshedpur, there were 556 cases of dengue in 2017 in Jamshedpur and its outskirts with four casualties. A massive awareness and surveillance campaign brought down the dengue numbers to 69 with two casualties in 2018.

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